Year 2008

  • Theingi, H. (2008), "Factors Influencing Ethnic Business Development and Expansion: Sikhs Entrepreneurial Business in Thailand," Proceedings of the 2008 IIBD & Lewi International Conference on Innovation and Entrepreneurship, Hong Kong.
    Theingi, Hla and Theingi (2008), “Sikhs Business Communities and Their Role: A Study in Thailand.” Presented at ISEAS Workshop. Singapore.
  • Thoumrungroje, A. (2008) “Unveiling the Influence of a Country’s Institutional Environment on Entrepreneurial Activity: Evidence from Thailand.” International Conference on Innovation and Entrepreneurship Proceedings, Hong Kong.
    Despite a dramatic growth in entrepreneurship research in the past two decades, the body of knowledge of entrepreneurship in emerging economies is still scarce. Since entrepreneurial activities are contingent upon both cultural and institutional contexts, this article reviews related literature on the role of institutional environments in spurring the level of entrepreneurship in the country, and proposes a model to test the relationships among institutional dimensions and the overall level of entrepreneurial activity of the nation with a specific focus on Thailand. By exploring the role of formal and informal institutions in nurturing entrepreneurial activity in Thailand, it is believed that this paper help policy makers as well as other institutions in such emerging economies set future plans for developing and inculcating entrepreneurship in their societies. The author also discusses expected theoretical contributions and other strategic implications, and suggests venues for future research at the end of the paper.
  • Fang, C. & Thoumrungroje, A. (2008) “Effects of Codified Knowledge Diffusion towards National Economic Development,” Academy of International Business Southeast Asia Regional Conference Proceedings, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
    Building on existing literature of knowledge transfer and diffusion, this paper proposes a model of the antecedents and outcomes of knowledge diffusion at the macro national context. While national innovation and economic development are the expected outcomes of knowledge diffusion, absorptive capacity and knowledge codification are two major drivers of cross-border knowledge diffusion focused here. It is hoped that our paper provides the initial effort for policy makers and academic scholars to search for theories and empirical evidence that help explain the relationships between knowledge and national economic prosperity so that appropriate policies can be crafted accordingly.
  • Siamwalla, Y. and Thoumrungroje, A. (2008) “MNE’s Motives and Outcomes of Corporate Social Responsibility Implementation,” Academy of International Business Southeast Asia Regional Conference Proceedings, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
    Since social responsibility has become an increasingly critical component for successful corporations particularly in international competitive landscape, this paper analyzes the multinational enterprises’ (MNEs) motives in the implementation of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR). Building on stakeholder and institutional theories, we propose a conceptual model of MNE’s motives and outcomes of CSR implementation. An organization’s motives of CSR implementation can be classified into instrumental, relational, and morality-based rationales. With a successful implementation of corporate CSR, we hypothesize that MNEs will achieve international competitiveness, corporate legitimacy, and become an Ecologically Sustainable Corporations (ESC).
  • Smutkupt, S. and Thoumrungroje, A. (2008) “In Search of Enhancing MNE’s Performance: Resource-Based View, Institutional Theory, and Social Network Theory Perspectives,” Academy of International Business Southeast Asia Regional Conference Proceedings, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
    Searching for ways to enhance MNE’s performance has always been an ultimate goal of international businesses and a main research focus in both strategic management and international business. Acknowledging this significance, we proposed a conceptual model of MNE’s performance by integrating three theoretical perspectives: the resource-based view, the institutional theory, and the social network theory. By developing firm capability (i.e., innovative capability, strategic flexibility and adaptive capability), attaining corporate environmental legitimacy, and strengthening MNE-government managerial ties, MNEs can navigate successfully in the increasingly volatile and complex global markets.
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